ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29 N 652
Date : 1993-11-11

TITLEResolutions, the Fourth ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29 Plenary Meeting, 1993-11-06/08, Seoul, Korea, Rep. of
SOURCEISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29
PROJECT-
STATUSAdopted Resolutions
REQUESTED ACTIONFor SC 29's review and action as appropriate
DISTRIBUTIONP, O and L members Conveners and Secretariats, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WGs Ms. Frances E. Schrotter, Secretariat, ISO/IEC JTC 1


ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29 N 652

Resolutions
Fourth ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29 Plenary Meeting
1993-11-06/08, Seoul, Korea, Rep. of

Resolution 93-11/No. Proposed Modifications to the SC 29 Programme of Work

SC 29 approves the following modifications to the SC 29 programme of work and instructs its Secretariat to submit the modifications to JTC 1 for endorsement:

Subdivision of JTC 1.29.05.01
JTC 1.29.05.01.05:ISO/IEC TR 11172 Part 5 - "Technical Report on Software for ISO/IEC 11172"
Subdivision of JTC 1.29.05.02
JTC 1.29.05.02.05:ISO/IEC TR 13818 Part 5 - "Technical Report on Software for ISO/IEC 13818"
JTC 1.29.05.02.06:ISO/IEC 13818 Part 6 - "Systems Extensions"
JTC 1.29.05.02.07:ISO/IEC 13818 Part 7 - "Audio Extensions"
Subdivision of JTC 1.29.13
JTC 1.29.13.01:Part 1 - "Systems"
JTC 1.29.13.02:Part 2 - "Video"
JTC 1.29.13.03:Part 3 - "Audio"
JTC 1.29.13.04:Part 4 - "Conformance Testing"
Subdivision of JTC 1.29.06
JTC 1.29.06.03:ISO/IEC 13522 Part 3 - "MHEG Extension for Scripting Language Support"
Change of Title
JTC 1.29.06:Coding of Multimedia and Hypermedia Information
JTC 1.29.07:Coding of Standard Multimedia Scripting Language (SMSL)
JTC 1.29.10:Lossy/Lossless Coding of Bi-level Images
JTC 1.29.11:Compression of up to 5-D Images
JTC 1.29.12:Lossless Compression of Continuous-Tone Still Pictures

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 1 Publication of ISO/IEC 10918­2

SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to forward the final text of revised DIS to the ITTF for publication, upon completion of normative electronic compliance test data referred to in the text.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 2 Ballot on CD 11172­4

SC 29 approves SC 29 N 630 and instructs its Secretariat to issue a CD ballot.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 3 Ballots on CD 13818-1, CD 13818­2 and CD 13818­3

SC 29 approves SC 29 N 634, N 635 and N 636 and instructs its Secretariat to issue CD ballots upon receipt of the final texts produced by WG 11 editorial group.

9 APPROVE (France; Israel; Italy; Japan; Korea, Rep. of; Norway; Sweden; UK; USA);
0 DISAPPROVE;
1 ABSTAIN (Germany).

Resolution 93-11/No. 4 Ballot on PDTR 11172­5

SC 29 authorizes WG 11 to forward to the SC 29 Secretariat the final text of the ISO/IEC 11172 PDTR Part 5: Technical Report on Software for ISO/IEC 11172 for a combined PDTR registration and PDTR ballot after the WG 11 meeting in 1994-03.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 5 Ballot on DIS 13522­1

SC 29 agrees that after the Disposition of Comments at the WG 12 meeting, 1993-11-01/05, Seoul, Korea, Rep. of, CD 13522-1 now has unanimous support, and instructs the Project Editors to introduce the modifications agreed at the meeting and after confirmation within the WG 12 meeting, 1994-02, Rennes, France, to submit the final text for DIS by 1994-03-15 to the SC 29 Secretariat for a DIS ballot.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 6 Ballots on Proposed Technical Corrigenda

SC 29 approves SC 29 N 628 and instructs its Secretariat to issue ballots on ISO/IEC 11172-1/

Proposed Technical Corrigendum 1, ISO/IEC 11172-2/Proposed Technical Corrigendum 1 and ISO/IEC 11172-3/Proposed Technical Corrigendum 1.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 7 Approval of Target Dates

SC 29 approves the target dates of SC 29 work items contained in SC 29 N 648 Rev.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 8 Appointment of Project Editors

SC 29 appoints the Project Editors of SC 29 work items contained in SC 29 N 648 Rev.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 9 Periodic Review of ISO/IEC 9281­1:1990 and ISO/IEC 9281­2:1990

SC 29 recommends to the ITTF the confirmation of ISO/IEC 9281­1:1990 and ISO/IEC 9281­2:1990 at its periodic review period.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 10 Registration of Identifiers

SC 29 instructs WG 11 to register its moving picture coding method (MPEG­1) to the Registration Authority of ISO/IEC 9281­2:1990 by 1994-07-31.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 11 Proposal of Change of SC 29 Title

SC 29 proposes the change of its title to the following:

Coding of Audio, Picture, Multimedia and Hypermedia Information

and instructs its Secretariat to submit this proposed change of title to JTC 1 for its approval.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 12 Reorganizations of WG 9 & WG 10

SC 29 disbands WG 9 and WG 10 and establishes WG 1 effective 1993­11­08.

SC 29 assigns the projects JTC 1.29.03, JTC 1.29.04, JTC 1.29.09, JTC 1.29.10, JTC 1.29.11 and JTC 1.29.12 to WG 1.

SC 29 appoints Mr. Eric Hamilton as Convener of WG 1, and requests the US National Body to endorse his appointment.

SC 29 also approves the establishment of WG 1 Sub Groups (SGs): SG on JBIG and SG on JPEG, and appoints Dr. Fumitaka Ono and Mr. Eric Hamilton as their Rapporteurs respectively.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 13 Titles and Terms of Reference of WGs

SC 29 approves the following titles and terms of reference for its WGs:

WG 1
Title:Coding of Still Pictures
Terms of Reference:Development of international standards for the compression, decompression, processing, and coded representation of digital still pictures, in order to satisfy a wide variety of applications;
WG 11
Title:Coding of Moving Pictures and Associated Audio
Terms of Reference:Development of international standards for compression, decompression, processing, and coded representation of moving pictures, associated audio, and their combination, in order to satisfy a wide variety of applications;
WG 12
Title:Coding of Multimedia and Hypermedia Information
Terms of Reference:Development of standardized representations and encodings which will facilitate the interchange of multimedia and hypermedia information via various means of interchange (storage, telecommunication networks, broadcasting), in order to satisfy a wide variety of applications.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 14 Appointment of Rapporteur of WG 11 SG on AOE

SC 29 appoints Dr. Cliff Reader as Rapporteur of WG 11 Sub Group (SG) on Application and Operational Environments for Very-Low Bitrate Audio-Vidual Coding (AOE).

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 15 Termination of the Ad Hoc Group on Meetings, Schedules and Procedures (AGMSP)

SC 29 approves the termination of its Ad Hoc Group on Meetings Schedules and Procedures (AGMSP) as of 1993-11-07, having taken note that their work is completed, and will be followed up by some of the activity of the Advisory Group on Management (AGM).

UNANIMOUS (by ACCLAMATION)

Resolution 93-11/No. 16 Approval of Standing Documents (SDs)

SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to note the acceptance of Standing Documents (SDs): SD 00; SD 01 Parts 1 and 2; SD 02 Parts 1 and 2; SD 03 Parts 1 and 2; SD 04 Parts 1 - 3; SD 06; SD 07; SD 08; and SD 09 as amended during the fourth Plenary meeting, 1993-11-06/08, Seoul, Korea Rep. of, and referenced in SC 29 N 560.

Furthermore, SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to note that SD 05, SC 29 N 565, was withdrawn from consideration at this Plenary meeting.

In addition, SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to update SD 06, SC 29 N 566; and SD 08, SC 29 N 568, when information is available; and to maintain all SD documents throughout their life cycle.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 17 Establishment of SC 29 Advisory Group on Management (AGM)

SC 29 establishes SC 29 Advisory Group on Management (AGM) and approves its terms of reference as contained in SC 29 N 644 effective 1993-11-08.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 18 Appointment of Convener of SC 29 Advisory Group on Management (AGM)

SC 29 appoints Dr. Tom Casey as Convener of the SC 29 Advisory Group on Management (AGM), and appoints the UK National Body as its Secretariat.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 19 Establishment of SC 29 Ad Hoc Group to prepare an NP: Coding of Man/Multimedia Service Interface Standardization

SC 29 establishes SC 29 Ad Hoc Group to prepare the proposition for an NP on Coding of Man/Multimedia Service Interface standardization.

SC 29 requests its National Bodies to provide inputs and submit their requirements to progress in the definition of the NP.

SC 29 requests the following National Bodies: France; Italy; Japan; Korea, Rep, of; UK; and also interested National Bodies to appoint experts who will participate in the work of this Ad Hoc Group.

SC 29 requests the French National Body to appoint a French delegate as Rapporteur of the Ad Hoc Group. The Ad Hoc Group is instructed to forward a draft NP to the SC 29 Secretariat for an NP ballot within SC 29.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 20 NP on Interchange of Compressed Pictures

SC 29 instructs WG 1 to investigate working on "Interchange of Compressed Pictures" and if necessary, prepare an NP.

In the event the NP is prepared and approved by WG 1, SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to issue an NP ballot within SC 29.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 21 Call for Contributions

SC 29 requests its National Bodies to submit their contributions on Projects JTC 1.29.09, JTC 1.29.10, JTC 1.29.11 and JTC 1.29.12, requested in SC 29 N 618, N 619 and upcoming documents, to the SC 29 Secretariat by 1994­03­01.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 22 Patent Issues

SC 29 encounters some difficulties in the interpretation of the ISO/IEC and the JTC 1 Directives regarding patent policies relevant to its activities, and requests the guidance and advice of JTC 1 regarding the issues mentioned hereafter:

1) SC 29 is developing standards under collaborative interchange procedure with ITU­T, and so produces common texts (ISO/IEC International Standards|ITU­T Recommendations). SC 29 needs guidance on the resolution of perceived differences which exist between the patent policies of JTC 1 and ITU­T.

2) SC 29 has developed standards in which the interest of many patent holders has been identified. Considering this complex situation, SC 29 needs guidance on how to improve its patent handling procedures, and would appreciate any practical guidance on these matters (e.g. best effort procedures for identifying Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) early in the standardization process).

3) It may occur that IPR issues impact on implementation choices and costs. Some WG experts consider that this issue is one of the criteria to be considered in the proposal selection process. Is it allowed to discuss such issues at the WG level?

4) It happens that the implementation of some SC 29 standards require licensing rights for a significant number of patents (for example 10 or 20 patents). Considering these cases, the interpretation of "fair and reasonable" is difficult when a large number of licenses apply to the implementation of a single standard.

6 APPROVE (France; Germany; Japan; Korea, Rep. of; Sweden; USA);
2 DISAPPROVE (Italy; UK);
2 ABSTAIN (Israel; Norway).

Resolution 93-11/No. 23 Assignment of Liaisons

SC 29 approves the list of SC 29 liaisons contained in SC 29 N 651 Rev. and instructs its Secretariat to take appropriate actions.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 24 Appointment of Liaison Representatives

SC 29 appoints the liaison representatives listed in SC 29 N 651 Rev.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 25 Liaison Statements from SC 29/WG 12 to SC 18/WG 3 and SC 18/WG 8

SC 29 approves the liaison statements contained in SC 29 N 607 entitled "Liaison to SC 18/

WG 3 on HyperODA and MHEG" and SC 29 N 608 entitled "Liaison to SC 18/WG 8 on the encoding of SMSL" and instructs its Secretariat to forward them to the appropriate liaison organizations.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 26 Assignment of Vocabulary Rapporteur

SC 29 requests the French National Body to nominate Vocabulary Rapporteur who will serve as a liaison representative to SC 1.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 27 Submission of Test Target Information to JTAG 2

SC 29 instructs Dr. Fumitaka Ono, the Rapporteur of WG 1 Sub Group (SG) on JBIG, to prepare the information on JBIG test target, and submit this information to its Secretariat, and instructs its Secretariat to forward this information to JTAG 2.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 28 Open Systems for Colour Technique Meeting

SC 29 instructs WG 1 to work in close liaison with SC 18/WG 5 in order to follow the progression of their work through correspondence.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 29 Liaison Information to JTAG 2

SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to forward documents SC 29 N 651 Rev., SD 02 Part 1: List of Liaisons; and Part 2: Responsibilities and Duties of Liaison Representatives, to JTAG 2 as amended during the fourth Plenary meeting as SC 29's current liaison practices.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 30 ISO/IEC JTAG 2 Matrix

SC 29 approves JTAG 2 Technology Matrix as contained in SC 29 N 473 and attached by SC 29 N 606, N 612, N 616, N 617, N 623, N 627, N 638 Rev., and N 647.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 31 JTC 1 API Activities

SC 29 requests its National Bodies to forward their comments on SC 29 N 439 directly to JTC 1.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 32 Conformity Assessment Work in SC 21/WG 9

SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to inform JTC 1 of its interest and its intention to participate in the work of SC 21/WG 9 (JWG).

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 33 JTC 1/SWG on Conformity Assessment (CA) Activity

SC 29 notes the activities of JTC 1/SWG­Conformity Assessment (CA).

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 34 SC 29 Comments on SC 21 NP on Open Systems Assessment Methodology

SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to inform SC 21 that there are no comments to submit for this NP.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 35 ISO/IEC Certificates Nomination on ISO/IEC 10918-1; ISO/IEC 11544; and ISO/IEC 11172-1, 2 and 3

SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to respond to the request contained in SC 29 N 198 as follows:

SC 29 nominates Mr. Gregory Wallace, the past Convener of WG 10; and Dr. Joan Mitchell and Dr. William Pennebaker, the Project Editors, as candidates for reception of a certificate signed by the Secretaries General of ISO and IEC for their significant contributions to the successful international standardization of ISO/IEC 10918­1;

SC 29 nominates Mr. Horst Hampel, past Convener of WG 9; Dr. Yasuhiro Yamazaki, past Rapporteur of JBIG; and Dr. Don Duttweiler, the Project Editor, as candidates for reception of a certificate signed by the Secretaries General of ISO and IEC for their significant contributions to the successful international standardization of ISO/IEC 11544;

SC 29 nominates Dr. L. Chiariglione, Mr. T. Hidaka, Dr. D. L. Gall, Dr. J. Morris, Prof. H. G. Musmann, Mr. S. MacInnis, Mr. T. Ryden and Mr. Jan van der Meer as candidates for reception of a certificate signed by the Secretaries General of ISO and IEC for their significant contributions to the successful international standardization of ISO/IEC 11172-1, 2 and 3.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 36 Further Process of CD 13818-1, 2 and 3

SC 29 empowers WG 11 to produce the Disposition of Comments report and the MPEG-2 DIS texts or any other subsequent CDs as the case may be taking into account National Body comments on SC 29's behalf.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 37 Further Process of CD 11172-4

SC 29 empowers WG 11 to produce the Disposition of Comments report and the DIS texts or any other subsequent CD as the case may be of ISO/IEC 11172-4 taking into account National Body comments on SC 29's behalf.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 38 Discontinuation of SC 29 NB Activity Reports

SC 29 requests its National Bodies to discontinue the submission of National Body activity reports to SC 29 Plenary meetings as of 1993-11-08.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 39 Future Meeting Schedule of SC 29 Plenary

SC 29 approves its future Plenary meeting schedule contained in SC 29 N 594 Rev.

7 APPROVE (France; Italy; Japan; Korea, Rep. of; Norway; Sweden; UK);
2 DISAPPROVE (Germany; US);
1 ABSTAIN (Israel).

Resolution 93-11/No. 40 Future Meeting Schedules of WGs

SC 29 takes note of the future meeting schedules of its WGs contained in SC 29 N 614, N 624 and N 605.

SC 29 strongly encourages its WGs to adhere to the meeting schedules, as far as practical.

In case of changes WG Conveners shall immediately inform the SC 29 Secretariat.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 41 Distribution of Document Registers via E-mail

SC 29 respectfully requests its Secretariat to check the technical and economical feasibility of distributing SC 29 Document Registers (every 50 SC 29 documents) via E­mail to a yet to be determined SC 29 "E­mail Distribution List" which will contain National Bodies, WG Conveners, Advisory Group (AG) Convener, Sub Group (SG) Rapporteurs and Liaison Representatives.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 42 Document Submission in Electronic Form

SC 29 instructs the Advisory Group on Management (AGM) to take under advisement the following comments about the use of document submission in electronic form and report back to the SC 29 Secretariat with a plan to implement the procedures outlined therein.

SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to encourage, where practical, its National Bodies, its Officials, its Liaison Organizations and its WGs to submit SC 29 contributions/liaison statements in electronic format. It is, however, understood that the primary and "official" format of document submission and distribution shall still be on paper, and the document exchange in electronic format shall only support and facilitate the more convenient "electronic document handling" of SC 29 documents.

To this end SC 29 encourages that in the long run, all SC 29 documents should be supplemented by an "electronic version" of the document.

In order to test out the feasibility and usefulness of the above, it is suggested that "Electronic Documents" should be submitted on a voluntary basis to the SC 29 Secretariat (either by E­mail or by diskette) in one of the popular MS­DOS or Macintosh formats.

SC 29 requests its Secretariat to make best efforts simply to collect the "Electronic Documents" and to take along a single set of diskettes to the next SC 29 Plenary meeting for local copying to interested parties.

If the experiences of the above test will be evaluated as positive, further development steps will be considered at the next Plenary Meeting of SC 29.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 43 Plenary Meeting Report and Resolutions

SC 29 instructs its Secretariat to attach resolutions of SC 29 Plenary meeting to their respective draft meeting report for ease of reference.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 44 Copyright Issues

SC 29 takes note of the report SC 29 N 516 (ISO - WIPO - MPEG) on interaction between copyright and patent law and its impact on SC 29 standards, and expresses concern that the lack of a unified approach to the problem may lead to the failure of some of the SC 29 standards because of the unusual legal situation.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. 45 Report of Ad Hoc Group on Patent Issues

SC 29 takes note of SC 29 N 653 (without any discussion) submitted by Mr. Richard Clark, the Rapporteur of the Ad Hoc Group on Patent Issues, and advises the SC 29 Advisory Group on Management (AGM) to use it as a significant input in elaboration of the forthcoming SD 04 Part 4, Patent Issues.

UNANIMOUS

Resolution 93-11/No. A Appreciation to Mr. Horst Hampel

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks and appreciation to Mr. Horst Hampel for his outstanding leadership as the Convener of WG 9.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. B Appreciation to Mr. Eric Hamilton

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks and appreciation to Mr. Eric Hamilton for his outstanding leadership as the Convener of WG 10, and wishes him success in his new convenership of WG 1.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. C Appreciation to Mr. D. Geoffrey Morrison

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks and appreciation to Mr. D. Geoffrey Morrison for his outstanding leadership as the Rapporteur of WG 11 Sub Group (SG) on Implementation.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. D Appreciation to ITU-T EG on Video Coding for ATM Networks and Mr. S. Okubo

SC 29 thankfully acknowledges the primary role played by the ITU-T EG on video coding for ATM networks in the development of the MPEG-2 standard and the leadership of Mr. S. Okubo, chairman of that EG and Rapporteur of the WG 11 Sub Group (SG) on Requirements.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. E Appreciation to Dr. Fumitaka Ono

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks and appreciation to Dr. Fumitaka Ono for his outstanding leadership as the Acting Convener of WG 9.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. F Appreciation to the AGMSP, Dr. Tom Casey and BSI

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks and appreciation to the AGMSP; Dr. Tom Casey, the Rapporteur of the AGMSP; and the BSI, especially Ms. Teddie Ngosi, for their excellent work and great efforts in preparing SDs.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. G Appreciation to the Ad Hoc Group on Patent Issues and Mr. Richard Clark

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks and appreciation to the Ad Hoc Group on Patent Issues; and Mr. Richard Clark, the Rapporteur of that group, for their excellent work during the fourth Plenary meeting, 1993-11-06/08, Seoul, Korea, Rep. of.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. H Appreciation to SC 24, SC 24/WG 7 and Mr. Christof Blum for the Joint Meeting

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks and appreciation to SC 24 and SC 24/WG 7 for participation in the joint meeting with SC 29/WGs and especially to Mr. Christof Blum for his presentation.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. I Appreciation to Drafting Committee

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks and appreciation to following Drafting Committee Group members for their excellent and quite hard work:

Mr. J. M. Borde;
Mrs. F. Colaïtis;
Mr. D. Lecomte;
Dr. I. Sebestyen;
Dr. F. Ono;
Dr. T. Casey;
Mr. E. Hamilton;
Mr. F. Whittington;
Mrs. N. Hirose.

ACCLAMATION

Resolution 93-11/No. J Appreciation to IAA and KBS

SC 29 expresses its sincere thanks to the IAA and the KBS, and especially the following individuals and organizations for their generous invitation, excellent meeting facilities and superb social event:

Mr. Jae-Uk Chae, IAA;
Mr. J. H. Kim, KBS;
Mr. Chang-Soo Suh, KBS;
Mr. Sang-Kuen Jeong, KBS;
Mr. Kyung-Eui Hong, KBS;
Mr. Soo-Youl Chung, KBS;
Ms. Kyun-Mee Koh, KBS;
Ms. Sung-Ji Choi, KBS;
Mr. Woo-Ki Back, KETI;
Mr. Suk Lee, KETI;
Mr. Seong-Kwon Yoon, IIS;
Mr. In-Kyoon Ahn, KSA;
Ms. Mary Kim, KSA;
Mr. Yoru Lee, IBM Korea Co., Ltd;
Mr. Chris Adams, Hewlett-Packard Co. Ltd;
The Sheraton Walker Hill Hotel and Towers;
Elex Computer, Inc.;
Gold Star Co., Ltd.;
Hewlett-Packard Co., Ltd;
IBM Korea Co., Ltd.;
Korea Xerox Co., Ltd.;
Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.;
Trigem Computer, Inc.

ACCLAMATION